Recent Professional Opportunities and Social Updates
Racial inequities in policing are well documented. Recent events have led to increased media attention. Men of color – particularly Black and Native American men are much more likely to have fatal encounters with police than white men. Members of other marginalized communities including Black women, members of LGBTQ+ communities, people with mental health or substance use disorders, and individuals with developmental disabilities are also at increased risk of experiencing negative police encounters and can suffer emotional, mental, and physical harm as the result of these interactions. Numerous health profession organizations have renewed declarations that police violence is a public health issue. What is the origin of our current system of policing in the United States? Why is policing reform important now? What is the role of the health professions community in addressing this public health crisis? These, and other important questions are addressed today with our presenters. We welcome your input and feedback.
Mary Fleming, MD, MPH, FACOG,’11
President, Reede Scholars, Inc.
Introduction of Speakers / Moderator
D’Nyce L. Williams, MD, MPH, MPA, FACOG,’02
2021 Symposium Chair
AMA Board of Trustees Position Statement Video 2020
Brian J. Swann, DDS, MPH,’08
“History and Evolution of Policing in the United States”
Hannah Cooper, ScD
Professor, Dept. of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education
Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University
“The Impact of Policing Encounters on Physical and Mental Health”
Shairi Turner-Davis, MD, MPH, ‘02
Chief Transformation Officer
Crisis Text Line
“Re-imagining Policing Reform”
Barry Friedman, JD
Founding and Faculty Director
New York University Policing Project
“Policing Reform – Local Government Perspective”
Councilmember Phillipe Cunningham, MA
Ward 4, Minneapolis
“Policing Reform – Law Enforcement Perspective”
Celeste Murphy, MS
Deputy Chief, Community Services
Atlanta Police Department
Questions & Answers / Comments / Participants
Vision Award Presentation
Hannah Cooper, ScD - Professor, Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University
Hannah Cooper, ScD is the first Rollins Chair of Substance Use Disorders at Emory. She is a Professor in the Department of Behavioral, Social, and Health Education Sciences at the Rollins School of Public Health. Dr. Cooper directs Spark, a center focused on helping to end suffering from substance use disorders and related harms, like overdoses, hepatitis C, HIV, and neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome.
Her research expertise includes studying the social determinants of health, with a particular focus on the social determinants of drug use, drug users’ health, and health disparities. She applies multilevel, geospatial, and qualitative methods to explore these topics. Dr. Cooper co-authored “From Enforcers to Guardians: A Public Health Primer on Ending Police Violence,” with Mindy Thompson Fullilove, MD.
Brian J. Swann, DDS, MPH - Assistant Dental Professor, Harvard Dental School
Brian J. Swann, DDS, MPH serves as the Emeritus Chief of Oral Health for the Cambridge Health Alliance and conducted the Oral Physician Program within the General Practice Residency, a model that integrates and builds capacity between oral health, primary care, behavioral health, nursing and pharmacy. He recently assisted in acquiring a $4.5 million multidisciplinary expansion. Dr. Swann now serves as a consultant and will assist in creating a clinical laboratory to help develop the integrated model.
As an Assistant Professor at the Harvard School of Dental Medicine and the Harvard Medical School, he assisted with introducing oral health into that curriculum and bringing the oral health examination into the medical core curriculum. This culminated into Oral Health Day. At the Harvard School of Dental Medicine, he has a certificate in Oral Health Policy and Epidemiology.
Dr. Swann is involved with outreach projects in Boston and directs a pipeline project for the Wampanoag Tribe on Martha’s Vineyard and Cape Cod. Most recently, he cofounded and now serves as a member of the Advisory Committee for the Massachusetts State Office of Oral Health, and for the Boston Healthcare for the Homeless.
Dr. Swann is a Joseph L. Henry Fellow from the Harvard School of Medicine. He received a Doctor of Dental Surgery degree from the University of California, San Francisco, and a Masters degree from the Harvard-Chan School of Public Health. He serves as the co-chair for the National Dental Association’s Global Oral Outreach Committee. His recent work has been serving vulnerable populations in Massachusetts, Tennessee, Jamaica, Haiti, and East and South Africa; and refugee populations in Lebanon and Greece.
Shairi R Turner, MD, MPH - Chief Transformation Officer Crisis TextLine Shairi@CrisisTextLine.org
Shairi R. Turner MD, MPH is the Chief Transformation Officer for Crisis Text Line a Not-For-Profit volunteer-supported organization delivering crisis interventions using a text platform. She is responsible for guiding the organizations’ culture transformation at a time when it is at a necessary inflection point. Previously she served at CTL as the Chief Medical Officer from 2017-2019. In this role she provided oversight to the Crisis Supervision team and led many of the clinical policy and quality initiatives within the Organization. A Stanford graduate and a Harvard-trained Internist and Pediatrician with a Master of Public Health from the Harvard School of Public Health, Dr. Turner has a long history in organization transformation. In 2005 Dr. Turner was appointed as the first Chief Medical Director in the eleven-year history of the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice (DJJ). She established the Office of Health Services that provided oversight of the provision of Health, Mental Health, Disability and Substance Abuse services to the nearly 100,000 justice-involved youth. During her tenure with the Department of Juvenile Justice, Dr. Turner’s focus also included the impact of childhood trauma (physical, sexual and emotional abuse) on youth involved in the juvenile justice system, as well as the importance of gender specific services designed to meet the unique needs of girls in the system. She has given numerous presentations nationally on issues relating to health/mental health care in the juvenile justice setting. She was instrumental in the introduction of trauma informed care to DJJ.
As the Deputy Secretary for Health and Interim State Surgeon General for the Florida Department of Health (DOH), she led the legislatively mandated reorganization for one of the largest state public health departments in the country. After her departure, she was a faculty consultant for the National Center for Trauma Informed Care where she performed numerous national trainings on the neurobiology of trauma to state and local entities including mental health and criminal/juvenile justice administrators and staff. Dr. Turner was the Project Co-Director for the U.S. Office on Women’s Health-funded Trauma Informed Care e-Cases, a comprehensive series of online virtual patient cases targeting primary care providers these cases are focused on effective approaches to the care of patients who have survived traumatic life experiences such as sexual assault, interpersonal and community violence, military sexual trauma, child abuse, neglect, and family dysfunction. She has presented internationally on the neurobiology of trauma (Shanghai, China). She currently also holds a Research Faculty appointment at the Florida State University, College of Social Work and is a Voluntary Associate Professor of Public Health Sciences at the University of Miami, Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine. The native of New York City earned an undergraduate degree in Biology from Stanford University in 1991, a Doctor of Medicine degree from Case Western University School of Medicine in Cleveland, Ohio and in 1996 she was also inducted into the Alpha Omega Alpha Honors Medical Society. Dr. Turner then completed the four-year Harvard Combined Internal Medicine and Pediatrics Residency Program at the Massachusetts General Hospital and the Children's Hospital of Boston in 2000. From 2001 to 2002, she was a Commonwealth Fund/Harvard University Fellow in Minority Health Policy and earned a Master of Public Health from the Harvard School of Public Health with a concentration in Health Policy and Management. She is married and the mother of two teenage student-athletes.
Deputy Chief Celeste Murphy, MS
Community Services Division
Deputy Chief Celeste Murphy joined the Atlanta Police Department in 1997. During her tenure, she has served as a Patrol Officer, Sergeant, Lieutenant, and Captain. Her first assignment included working Zone 1 as beat and bicycle patrol officer. In 2002, she was appointed Detective and joined the Vice and Narcotics Units where she conducted numerous search warrants for narcotics and vice details.
As a Sergeant, she worked in Zone 3 and the Office of the Chief, Staff Inspections. During her time in Staff Inspections, she oversaw the unit that conducted an internal audit of all of the components of the Atlanta Police Department to determine the extent, adherence and practically of policies and processes while identifying areas for improvement.
After attaining the rank of Lieutenant, she was assigned to Zone 2 and served as the Morning Watch Commander. Her next assignment was the Commander of Zone 4 Criminal Investigations, and soon after she was appointed Commander of the Special Victims Unit. As the commander of the Special Victims Unit, she managed investigations of adult sex crimes, child exploitation, human trafficking, child abuse/neglect, runaway/missing children, and domestic violence.
In December 2015, Deputy Chief Murphy was appointed to the rank of Captain and assumed the role of Night Commander. As the Night Commander, she served as the on-duty command level supervisor during morning watch hours and provided command level supervision at significant events. As Captain, she also served as the assistant commander of the Code Enforcement Section and helped to enforce the city’s residential and commercial property codes. In 2016, she was appointed to the rank of Major and selected to lead the Office of Professional Standards.
Deputy Chief Murphy is a New York City native and proud mother of four sons. She holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Mathematics from Syracuse University and a Masters of Criminal Justice from Saint Leo University. Additionally, she is a graduate of the Northwestern University School of Police Staff and Command. Major Murphy is a member of the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives and the International Association of Chiefs of Police, and a current board member for the Georgia Chapter of the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives.
Phillipe M. Cunningham, MA- Councilmember Ward 4 City of Minneapolis
Phillipe M. Cunningham (pronounced fil-LEAP) is the Minneapolis City Councilmember representing the 4th Ward in North Minneapolis. He is the first and currently only out trans man of color elected to office in the United States. Councilman Cunningham serves as Chair of the Minneapolis City Council’s Public Health and Safety committee and is the lead Councilmember for the city’s transforming community safety work.
Prior to being elected and unseating a 50-year family political dynasty in 2017, Councilman Cunningham served in former Mayor Betsy Hodges’ administration as her Senior Policy Aide for education, racial equity, and LGBTQ+ rights. He also previously worked with youth as a special education teacher and youth worker for over 10 years. As a policy wonk and fierce community advocate, CM Cunningham’s primary goal is to work alongside his neighbors to build intergenerational peace and prosperity in North Minneapolis.
They graduated from DePaul University with a BA in Chinese and is completing their Master’s in Organizational Leadership and Civic Engagement at Claremont Lincoln University. His writings have been published in The Guide for White Women Who Teach Black Boys and Millennial Compact with America. CM Cunningham and his husband Lane are passionate about rescuing animals and have a total of 8 fur babies – 6 dogs and 2 cats.
Barry Friedman JD - Founding and Faculty Director, New York University Policing Project
Barry Friedman serves as the Faculty Director of the Policing Project at New York University School of Law, where he is the Jacob D. Fuchsberg Professor of Law and Affiliated Professor of Politics. The Policing Project is dedicated to strengthening policing through ordinary democratic processes; it drafts best practices and policies for policing agencies, including on issues of technology and surveillance, assists with transparency, conducts cost-benefit analysis of policing practices, and leads engagement efforts between policing agencies and communities. Friedman has taught, litigated, and written about constitutional law, the federal courts, policing, and criminal procedure for over thirty years. He serves as the Reporter for the American Law Institute’s new Principles of the Law, Policing.
Friedman is the author of Unwarranted: Policing Without Permission (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, February 2017), and has written numerous articles in scholarly journals, including on democratic policing, alternatives to police responses to 911 calls, and the Fourth Amendment. He appears frequently in the popular media, including the New York Times, Slate, Huffington Post, Politico, and the New Republic. He also is the author of the critically acclaimed The Will of the People: How Public Opinion Has Influenced the Supreme Court and Shaped the Meaning of the Constitution (2009). Friedman graduated with honors from the University of Chicago and received his law degree magna cum laude from Georgetown University Law Center. He clerked for Judge Phyllis A. Kravitch of the US Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit.
D’Nyce L. Williams, MD, MPH, MPA - Associate Clinical Professor at Morehouse School of Medicine
D’Nyce L. Williams, MD, MPH, MPA is an Associate Clinical Professor at Morehouse School of Medicine. She has served the Atlanta community for nearly 25 years as an Obstetrician-Gynecologist and is a tireless advocate for women’s health and well-being – especially those who are historically underserved. Dr. Williams was instrumental in the introduction of patient-centered, team-based specialty care to women veterans at the Atlanta Veterans Administration Medical Center (VA), with a special focus on the unique experiences of combat female veterans. During the Zika outbreak she served on a national level as an Emergency Operations Clinical Lead at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). She serves on the Board of Directors for MedCura Health (formerly Oakhurst Medical Centers, Inc.). Recently Dr. Williams has been involved in identifying comprehensive oral health care resources for under-insured and uninsured women who receive medical care at Grady Hospital Neighborhood Health Clinics and at the VA.
A California native, D’Nyce earned an undergraduate degree from the University of California (UC), Los Angeles and a Master of Public Health degree at UC Berkeley. She received her medical degree at UC Davis and residency training at UC San Francisco-Fresno. She completed the Commonwealth Fund/Harvard University Fellowship in Minority Health Policy (’02), and received the Master of Public Administration degree at the JFK School of Government at Harvard University. Her compassion and dedication have been recognized by several organizations.
Mary Fleming, MD, MPH - President of the Reede Scholars, Inc.
Dr. Mary E. Fleming is an ardent champion of health equity. As President of the Reede Scholars, (2014- present) she hosts their interactive podcast, Reede Scholars Live! The platform promotes discussion of a variety of health equity topics with experts across the country. The organization continues to develop strategies for collective action among the Scholars to address health equity and social justice.
She completed her medical degree at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and her residency in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Meharry Medical College. Due to her interests in eradicating health inequities and improving healthcare for the underserved, she matriculated to Harvard Medical School as a Commonwealth Fellow in Minority Health Policy where she also obtained a Masters in Public Health. She practiced in Norristown, PA for four years before deciding to transition to a full-time locum tenens physician. In this capacity, she has worked in several states across the country. This practice model also allowed her to travel to Kenya for six months to volunteer with Our Lady of Lourdes Mission Hospital in Mutomo.
An international traveler, Fleming currently serves as a clinical Ob/Gyn in shortage areas in the northeast region. She continues to explore avenues to grow her skill set to serve the vulnerable populations of this country and globally, and recently, joined Cayaba Care as Founding Medical Director, based in Philadelphia, PA. Cayaba Care works to bridge the gap in maternal health by offering home based care.
12TH ANNUAL HEALTH EQUITY SYMPOSIUM COMMITTEE:
D’Nyce Williams, Chair, Brian J. Swann, and Frinny Polanco Walters